JJRadio

Contents

Acknowledgements

I would like to acknowledge the following folks who helped me with the program.

Rod Moag, W5NDS
Rod has lent me his Kenwood TS-2000 and his IC-9100 for JJRadio development. I am deeply indebted for this level of support. Rod has hardly gotten to use his new 9100 since he bought it.
David Reed, W5SV
Dave has lent me his Elecraft K3 for the same purpose.
Brian Milburn, K6BPM
Thanks to Brian for help and advice with my authentication certificate.
Richard mcDonald, KK6MRH
Thanks much to Richard for helping me with testing of the program in general and the TS-2000 in particular.
Flex Radio Systems
Thanks to all the people at Flex Radio Systems for their assistance with a few issues here and there.

Thank you to everyone who helped with this project.

Getting Started

Thank you for using JJRadio. This program is used to monitor and control amateur radio equipment. It is primarily designed for use by blind amateur radio operators.

JJRadio is optimized for use with a braille display, preferably one with at least 40 cells. I originally wrote this program because I do not like listening to a speech synthecizer while trying to listen to the radio! With the program, I am able to turn my synthecizer off, and just use the braille display to monitor the rig and do the logging.

Note that JJRadio does not use braille or speech directly, rather it relies on your screen reader to manage those devices.

The Pan Adapter function of JJRadio really requires a braille display, and will not work well with speech.

Also, when used with an Elecraft rig, a braille display makes it much handier to read the VFOA and B displays while accessing memories, for example.

When JJRadio starts up for the first time, you'll see a welcome screen. From here you can either read the documentation, configure JJRadio, or exit. If you exit JJRadio without configuring it, you'll see the Welcome screen again when you next run the program. It is recommended that you read the documentation first, but then you're doing that now.

When you configure JJRadio, you will be asked to enter some information about yourself, the path to your log file, and your rigs.

The first screen asks for your full name, handle, QTH, and log file. For your QTH, something like "City, ST" is recommended, e.g. "Austin, TX", without the quotes. The QTH should be what you'd send for your QTH on CW.

You are then asked for your license class. This may be none, novice, technition, general, advanced or extra.

Following this is a button entitled "Log Characteristics". You can press this to specify a log file and its characteristics, or you can elect to wait til later. Log characteristics is discussed later in the section on log characteristics.

Following this, you can specify your braille display size in cells. The default is 40.

You may then enter the address and login name for your preferred DX cluster. This is discussed later under DX Cluster.

Next you can enter your id and password for hamqth.com. This is used for the hamqth callbook lookup discussed in the log characteristics section.

Leave the "Default Operator button checked, and press the Add button. You will be taken to the Rig Information dialogue.

Here you are asked for information about the radio you'll be using. You may, if you wish, hit the escape key to run JJRadio without a rig.

The Rig Name is just a name used to reference the radio.

The Model is selected from a list box. The model selection determines the communication parameters you can specify. For most models, such as TS-590, you can only select a com port and baud rate. The other communication parameter values, such as the number of data bits, are fixed.

The generic rig model should only be used if you wish to use JJRadio to investigate an unsupported radio that uses the CAT commands, (i.e.) not a network radio such as the Flex. The only thing you can do with a generic rig is send CAT commands to the radio and observe the raw output from the rig. The generic type is not intended for general use.

If the model is a Flex 6300, JJRadio will look for radios on your network. It will show you a list of the radios it finds. Each entry consists of the radio name, model, and serial number. You then select the radio you want. Parameters pertaining to com port settings are not shown.

For non-flex radios, you next select a com port from a list of ports available on your system. Thus the Com port you intend to use should already be set up. If not, you can cancel out of here and come back to this setup dialogue later from the Actions menu.

The baud rate is configurable for most radios. Unless you've changed the baud rate at the rig, you should accept the default value shown.

You'll likely want the first rig you enter to be the default rig, but that's not required. However, you are required to provide a default rig. You may now click the "Add Another" button or the "Last one" Button. In any case, you must have defined a default rig when finished.

You're now ready to start enjoying JJRadio.

Port COMx didn't open

If the serial port for the radio you're trying to use isn't connected, you'll get a message telling you that the port didn't open. You have three choices, abort, retry, or ignore. If you click "abort", JJRadio terminates immediately.

If you click "ignore", JJRadio keeps running, but checks periodically to see if the port has become available, and if so, you'll see the meter and frequency displayed. You might do this if you just haven't plugged the serial or USB cable in yet, but plan to soon, or perhaps you don't have the cable plugged in, but just want to look at the log.

If you click "retry", JJRadio tries to connect again. You will probably do this if you've now plugged in the cable.

A note about virtual COM ports

Often a rig is connected to a computer using a virtual COM port. This is the case if you're using a USB connection to the radio, and have installed a virtual COM driver to do so. In this case, the rig should be powered on before starting JJRadio. This is due to the COM port's being created when the rig is turned on. Thus if JJRadio is expecting to see your rig on COM10, and you've started JJRadio before powering on the rig, the virtual driver thinks that COM10 is taken, so it'll use perhaps COM11, and JJRadio won't find the radio.

The main window

The main window is composed of several fields. There are however 5 main fields. The first is the meter and frequency display. The second is the operating mode, (e.g.) USB. This is followed by several fields which largely depend upon the mode, although some are always there. These are discussed in somewhat more detail in the Other screen fields section.

Finally there are always three fields present at the bottom, "receive text", "sent text", and "status". The "received text" field is currently only used to display direct command output discussed later. When in CW mode, typing text into the "sent text" field will send the characters if your rig supports it. The last field is a "status" field. Currently it shows:
pwr: on/off
mems: none/loading/loaded
scan: off/running/paused
log: log file name

There are some predefined keyboard commands that make it easier to navigate the main window.

F1
Function key 1 is used to list all the keyboard commands. Press escape to exit this display.
F2
This takes you to the main frequency display from any field in the main window. If scanning, it also pauses the scan.
Shift-F2
If scanning, this resumes a paused scan.
F3
F3 takes you to the "received text" field from any field in the main window.
F4
This takes you to the "sent text" field from any field in the main window.
ESC
In general, the escape key exits a window, except for the main window.
Alt-F4
Exit JJRadio from the main window.

The Meter and Frequency Display

The meter and frequency display is the first item on the main window, and where you'll want to be focused on for most operation. It is actually one text box, so it shows up as one field, and works very well with a 40-cell braille display. It is good to learn this display, as information is maximized, and there are no field prompts or headers.

I'll begin by just showing some typical output from my TS-590, and describing the information shown. Then I'll go into detail about the various fields.

Note that the left-most 2 characters are rig dependent, and are blank for the TS-590.

   7   A  7.028.420  rrrr  xxxx

This shows the rig on 7.028.420, using VFO A. The meter is reading s-7, so I've got a pretty good noise level.

The RIT and XIT are off.

Also, if I hit the tab key, I'll show the mode as CW.

   7   A  7.028.420  +0040  xxxx

This is the same as above, except now the RIT is on, and set to +40 hz.

   7   A  7.028.420  rrrr  -0040

Here the XIT is on and set to -40.

  10   m  1  7.200.000  rrrr  xxxx

Here we have an "M" in place of the VFO, which indicates a memory channel is active. In fact, it's channel 1, at 7.2 MHZ.

Also note the s-10, which means s9 plus 10.

   8  VA  7.200.000  rrrr  xxxx

Now we've set VFO A to the memory channel, but we've turned on the Vox! It's very important to note when the Vox is on, especially on LSB, which is our mode as I can tell by tabbing to the mode.

   7 SVA  7.200.000  rrrr  xxxx

Now here, not only is the Vox enabled, but the VFOs are Split! Ok, I'll admit it, I've accidentally transmitted on an unintended frequency, because I didn't pay enough attention to whether or not my VFOs were split.

Finally, notice that the frequency is shown in the form mm.kkk.hhh, MHZ, KHZ, HZ.

Now let's turn off Vox and Split.

   7   A  7.200.000  rrrr  xxxx

As I turn the dial I can watch the frequency change.

NOTE: If you're using JAWS 14 and above, you will need to uncheck "Enhanced Edit Support" to get the continuous frequency display to work. Versions prior to 14 don't have this problem. To uncheck this, use JAWSKEY-F2 and select "Settings Center". Search for the word "Enhanced", and uncheck "Enhanced Edit Mode".

Now for the cool stuff you can do from the keyboard. I'll admit this is easier with a braille display. I can use the cursor routing with my Pacmate 40 display.

First, place the cursor on a digit of the frequency, and use the up and down arrow keys to change it. For example, if you place your cursor on the right-most KHZ digit, and cursor down 5 times, you'll be on 7.195. If you place your cursor on the 7, the MHZ digit, and cursor up once, you'll be on 8.200.

Note that you can't change the frequency from the keyboard if transmitting.

You may also place your cursor on a digit and enter a digit, 1 through 9, from the keyboard. This will, by default, add that digit to the frequency according to the cursor placement. For example, if you're focused on the KHz digit, and enter a 5, 5 KHz will be added to the frequency. If you enter a minus sign, then the subsequent entries are subtracted, until you enter a plus sign.

If however you're in split VFO mode, the value applies to the transmit VFO. This is very handy for instantly setting your transmit VFO 2 KHz above the receive VFO, for example. The way it works is that if in split mode, the value entered is added to the frequency that is showing. So if you're viewing the receive frequency, the default for split mode, then the value is added to the received frequency. Thus, in this case, entering the number 2 twice, really only adds 2 once. If, however, you're viewing the transmit frequency, it is added to the transmit frequency. Thus, in this case, entering the number 2 twice, adds 4 to the transmit frequency.

Ok, go back to 7.200 please.

Now place your cursor on the A, for VFO A. Press the space bar, and notice you switch to the next VFO. Assuming you have two VFOs, you'll get back to VFO A on the next press. You can also change with the up and down arrow keys.

Note that for the Flex radios, the term VFO refers to a slice. Currently JJRadio only supports 2 slices, A and B.

Now press the "M". You should now be in memory mode. In my case, it'll be on memory 1 at 7.200.

Now place your cursor on the memory number, and go through the memories with your arrow keys. You'll note that only the active memories are shown. Empty ones are not.

Now place your cursor back on the "M", and hit the "V" key. This will switch the last-used VFO to the memory you were at, and you're back in VFO mode.

Placing the cursor over the RIT (r) or XIT (x) fields and hitting space activates the RIT or XIT. Note that RIT and XIT are not present on the IC-9100, because there is no computer control for these fields.

Here's the list of fields that have associated key functions:

TS-2000 PTT Icon function or K3 subreceiver
For the TS-2000 and K3, this is the left-most character on the frequency display. For the TS-2000, it is either a blank, "m" or "s", depending upon the subreceiver status or position of the PTT icon. If blank, the subreceiver is off. Press space to toggle the subreceiver on or off. When the subreceiver is on, if the field is "m", You'll be transmitting on the main frequency; if "s", you'll be transmitting on the sub-receiver frequency. Note that if you change this value with the up or down arrow, the next field to the right matches the new value.

For the K3, this value is either an "m" or "s" depending on whether the K3 subreceiver is active.

TS-2000 CTRL Icon function
For the TS-2000, the second character position from the left specifies whether the subreceiver is on or off, and if on, whether control is on the main receiver or sub-receiver. This will change independently of the PTT Icon.
The two characters to the far left of the display for the Flex radios
These provide information about the audio for the two slices. The left-most character refers to the receiving slice, while the right-most refers to the other slice. The field will either be "s" or "m", for sound or muted. You may change this with the up or down arrow keys. Thus you can listen to both slices at once, or none to totally mute the radio. This is handy when working a split-frequency pileup. The following keys are valid:
Subband controls for the IC-9100
These are the left-most two characters. The first is either "o" or "n", indicating the subband receiver is off, 'o', or on, 'n'. Toggle between off and on with the up and down arrow keys. You may also enter an 'x' to exchange the subband frequency with the main frequency.

The second character is either 'm' or 's', depending upon whether you're controling the main or subband. Note that the subband must be on to control it.

Split
Two spaces to the left of the VFO.

Note that when using the K3 or Flex, you may wish to hear both VFOs/slices when in split mode.

Vox
One space left of the VFO.
VFO
Usually an "A", "B", or "M".
frequency
Shown as mmm.kkk.hhh.

Note that from the frequency you can manipulate the VFOs, go into and out of split mode, and view the receive or transmit frequency.

offset direction
Immediately to the right of the frequency. Active when in FM mode on the TS-2000, Flex radios, and IC-9100 only.
RIT/XIT fields (rrrr and xxxx)
Placing the cursor on one of these and pressing space activates or deactivates the RIT or XIT. You may then place your cursor over the digit you wish to change and use the up or down arrows to change the frequency, as you do the main frequency. Note that for the radios supported, these values are in HZ.

On the Flex radios, if focused on the RIT, use the = (equal sign) to set the XIT to the RIT frequency and clear the RIT. This comes in handy when you are, for example, trying to work a DX station that's not using split frequencies, but he's working a station not exactly on his frequency.

The RIT and XIT fields aren't present for the IC-9100.

Hopefully this has given you a good sense of the main frequency display. I find it very useful, and it has really improved my radio's usability!

Other screen fields

If you tab to the field following the main frequency display, you'll be at the Mode field. This shows the operating mode, and the mode can be changed with the arrow keys. Many of the following fields are modified using the arrow keys. I won't discuss each field in detail here, because they're somewhat rig dependent. It is certainly worth mentioning though that many of the fields that follow the mode are themselves mode dependent, and only fields relevant to the current mode are shown. Also, it is possible to access most of these fields using the Screen Fields menu.

Many fields can be changed with the up and down arrow keys. The change increment is field dependent. Also, many numeric fields may be entered directly. For example, you can enter a keyer speed of 17, for 17 wpm, rather than having to arrow to the desired values. Some fields however, which are not numeric, or have specific values that are not necessarily liniar,must be selected with the arrow keys.

The TS-2000 and IC-9100 Meter fields

For the TS-2000 and IC-9100, the SWR, Comp, and ALC fields behave differently from other fields. These radios report metered values depending upon which meter scale is selected. Thus you must either enter the field for the meter you wish to view, or mouse-click that field. Only one meter can be reported at a time.

K3 Screen Fields

The K3 relies more heavily on its VFO-A and VFO-B fields than do other radios. The screen fields that follow the main frequency display, for the K3, are largely binary values, such as switch settings, followed by the VFO-A and B displays.

To set the electronic keyer speed, for example, you should focus on the VFO-B display, and then rotate the knob that changes the speed. The same is true with other numeric settings such as the power and compression levels.

Flex fields of interest

The Flex radios don't use menus, but some of the screen fields are buttons that may bring up dialogues. Some fields to note are:

Low and High
These control the filtering. As their names imply, they allow you to filter the low and high bandpass limits. For example, for upper sideband, USB, you'll see values like 100 and 2800. You can change these with the up and down arrow keys in steps of 100 HZ. Note that for lower sideband, LSB, the equivalent values are -100 and -2800. For CW, the default values are -200 and 200. You may key these values in directly.
export/import
This lets you export your radio's settings, and import them at a later time. You might export your settings to another radio, or export them in order to restore them after a reset.

It should be noted that JJRadio does not currently support multiple profiles such as those supported by the Smart SDR client from Flex Radio Systems.

TNF - Tracking notch filter™
The tracking notch filter is a feature of Flex radios which allows you to create a filter that persists for a given frequency. It is handy if you have a carrier or birdy at a fixed frequency, and want to filter it out. If you click the TNF button, you are in a dialogue containing a list of the TNFs you have created. You can click the "Add" button to add another TNF at the rig's current frequency.

For the selected TNF, you can then change the width in HZ, the depth, 1, 2, or 3, and whether the TNF is permanent. If TNFs are turned on, and they are by default, You will be able to hear the effect of any changes you make to a TNF immediately. Also, unless you make a TNF permanent, it will be deleted when the radio is powered off.

TNF off/on
There is another button that allows you to turn all TNFs off or on, they're on by default.
RXEq and TXEq buttons
If the mode is a phone mode, such as USB, you can bring up a dialogue allowing you to set audio equalization values for receive or transmit. There are 8 bands, or octaves, which you can very.

The Received Text field

This is currently used to view a rig's control command output, non-flex only. If you enter a CAT command directly to the rig with the "Enter Radio's Control Command" key, ctrl-F2 by default, any output from that command appears in this field. You can view all CAT commands coming from the radio with the "raw data output" function, ctrl-shift-F2 by default.

You can copy or cut text from the Received Text field to the clipboard with ctrl-C or ctrl-X respectively. Note that you don't select text first. All the text currently in the field is copied or cut.

This works somewhat differently for the Icom rigs. To enter commands directly and view their output, use these steps:

The Rig's Memories

Memories for Kenwood Rigs

When you start JJRadio, the Kenwood rig's memories are loaded into your computer's memory from your radio. This allows JJRadio to know what they are without having to query every time. The memories are loaded in numerical order with one noteable exception. If you are in memory mode at poweron, that memory is loaded immediately. However, you may not change memories with the arrow keys until all memories have been read in.

JJRadio has a memories dialogue accessed with the ctrl-M key sequence by default. This dialogue cannot be accessed until all the memories are loaded. The status field, the last field on the screen, displays "memories are all loaded" when that is the case. If however, you try to use the memories dialogue beforehand, you just see a message telling you the memories aren't loaded.

This dialogue displays a list on the left and a bunch of memory fields on the right. You are initially placed in the memories list, at the memory your radio is set to, or was last set to.

At the top of the screen is a button that initially says "Include empty memories". You can get there easily with a back-tab. By default though, only used memories are shown. If you click this button though, it'll then say "Only used memories", and all memories, used and empty, are displayed. If you plan to add a new memory, it is necessary to have the display include empty memories.

You can navigate the memory list with the arrow keys or the page up/down keys. Each list item shows the memory number and either the memory's name, or the frequency if it has no name, or the word "empty" if it's empty. The fields displayed to the right reflect what's in the currently selected memory, and you can tab through them. For example, that memory 1 on my rig, mentioned above, will show 7.200 as the frequency, LSB as the mode, etc. The list item for it shows "001 7.200.000", since it has no name.

Note that if making changes to a memory, or setting up a new memory using the fields shown, you should change the frequency and mode before changing any other fields. This is because some fields are mode-dependent.

On the bottom of the screen are some buttons.

Change
If you've modified data in the memory's fields, click Change to make the change. If you go to another memory or exit the dialogue without pressing the "change button, no change is made. You also use the change button if you're setting up an empty memory using the memory fields as opposed to the "Set from VFO" button.
Set from VFO
As the name implies, this sets the selected memory from the VFO(s). If the memory is not empty, you'll be asked if you want to overwrite it.
delete
This deletes, or emptys, the selected memory.
done
This exits the dialogue as if you'd pressed Escape.

Also, if your focused on a list item, just press enter to go to that memory. You'll leave the dialogue, and the rig is in memory mode at the selected memory.

Memories for Elecraft Rigs

To use the Elecraft memories, you'll need to read the manual and look at the VFOA and VFOB displays. In other words, you select and set the memories just as it's done by looking at the rig's displays. JJRadio only provides you with the rig monitoring capability.

Flex radio memories

Flex memories differ from most other rigs, because they are completely dynamic, and there is not a fixed number of them. For example, for the Kenwood radios, memory 10 exists, whether or not it is empty. There are a fixed number of memories. For the Flex radios, a memory is simply an item on a list of memories. This list contains only used, or non-empty, memories.

When you bring up the flex memories dialogue, you are in a list of the available memories. This list is sorted by memory group and name. Unnamed memories appear after the named memories, and are sorted by frequency. If you've selected a memory in this list, and then press enter, you are taken to that memory.

The values stored for a memory by JJRadio are, frequency, mode, Low, High, Power, Name, Owner, and Group. In addition, for FM modes you can set the tone mode, off or CTCSS; tone frequency; squelch, on or off; squelch level; offset direction, off, minus or off; and the offset in KHZ.

To add a memory, first set the radio with the values you want, then bring up the memories dialogue and click the add button. For example, to add a 6-meter FM repeater at 53.670 you might:

  1. Set the frequency to 53.670 MHZ.
  2. Set the mode to fm.
  3. Set the tone mode to CTCSS, and the frequency to 103.5.
  4. Set the squelch to on.
  5. Bring up the memories dialogue and press the "Add" button.
  6. Set the Name to "my 6-meter repeater" and the group to "6m".

To set the name or group, enter the value you want, and then either leave the field with the tab key, or press Enter. This also applies to most of the other fields. Some fields, such as the mode, tone mode, and tone frequency, you just set with the arrow keys.

By default, the Name and Group are blank. The owner is the radio's model, FLEX-6300 in my case, by default. Note that at present, the Owner field isn't used by JJRadio, but it is preserved. The Name and group fields are used to position the memory in the list. Memories with the same group name appear together, sorted by name. Note that if you provide a group name, you should also provide a name within that group.

If you put an "m" in the VFO field of the frequency display, the radio enters memory mode. The number shown as the memory channel is really the index of the current memory within the memory sort order. Arrowing up and down with the cursor positioned on this memory number will move up and down through the sort order. The main difference between the Flex and the other supported radios is that the Flex radios don't have a memory mode as such. The current slice is set to the selected memory. Thus pressing "v" to go back to the VFO in use before memory mode really has no effect, since that VFO, or slice, is set to the current memory already. This is an important distingtion, because if you have VFO A set to 14.2 USB, for example, and you press "m" and go to a memory, VFO A will now be set to that memory. Pressing "v" won't take you back to 14.200 USB.

Icom IC-9100 Memories

The memory dialogue has the following fields:

"Band" list
Use this to select the band or memory range whose memories you're interested in. For bands 160 through 6 meters, the range is named "hf". The others are "2m", "440", and "1296" respectively.
"Include empty memories" or "only used memories" button
This selects whether all memories or only used memories are displayed. If you intend to add a new memory, you'll want to click this if it says "Include empty memories". Note that the button's text reflects the action to perform, not the current state. "Include empty memories" shows all possible memories, with the unused ones named "empty".
the memory list
This is the list of memories for the selected range. Each item consists of the memory name (if present), frequency, and number. To go to a memory, select it and press Enter. This sets the VFOs to the values for that memory.
The "Name" text field
For an existing memory, this shows the memory name. For a new memory, you can enter the name here.
the Add/Change button
This button will say "Add" if an empty memory is selected, or "Change" if the memory is defined.
the Delete button
This removes the selected memory.

For example, to add a new memory:

The steps are the same for changing an existing memory, except you select a memory currently in use.

The Rig's Menus

One of the handiest features of JJRadio is the rig's menus dialogue. As of this writing, I have the TS-590, TS-2000, and Elecraft K3 menus implemented. By default, you access this dialogue with ctrl-U.

The Kenwood Menus

This menus dialogue, like the memories dialogue, puts up a list of menu items on the left which you can navigate with cursoring keys. When an item is selected, it's possible values are shown on the right. For example, the first menu item for the 590 is "Display Brightness". When selected, you can tab to a box where you can select a value of "off", or values 1 to 6. The second menu item, item 1, is "Display Backlight Color". If you select this one, you'll see the possible values of "amber" and "green", not just 0 or 1.

In fact, for the PF-key items, you're shown the possible values along with their descriptions. For example, selecting menu 79 on the 590, "Front panel PF A assignment", shows you all the values starting with 000, "display brightness", and continuing on through 208, "Emergency frequency", and 255, "No function". This is menu 51 on the TS-2000.

Note that in prior versions of JJRadio, you needed to hit Enter or click the OK button for a menu change to take effect. Now the change occurs as soon as you change the item. The exception to this is text items, those where you must enter text. In this case, you must click the OK button, or just hit enter, for the change to occur. Presently the only such item is the power on message on the TS-590.

The Elecraft Menus

I took a different approach with the Elecraft menus. When you get into the list of menus, you select the menu you want. A menu item that contains "(tech)" is a tech mode menu item as described in the manual. If you want to select a "(tech)" menu item, the "tech md" menu item must be turned on. If not, the "(tech)" menu items don't show up.

Once you've selected the item you want, hit the tab key to see the item's value. In most cases, you change the value with the main tuning knob on the radio.

If you hit "tab" again, you'll go to a description of the item. For example, the "ALARM" item says that the alarm is turned on and off by pressing the (1) key, and the (2) and (3) keys are used to select the hour and minute values. You then change these values with the main tuning knob.

Also, select the menu using the menu selection list provided. Do not select a menu using the VFOB knob.

Logging

JJRadio allows you to do your logging with the same program you use to monitor your rig. It is good to become familiar with the keystrokes used to log information, and the behavior of the log window in general, before attempting to use it. Once you're familiar with the logging, you can just turn off the speech from your screen reader and use the braille display.

JJRadio's logging can be modified to fit a particular logging situation. For example, there is a different log form for Field Day logging than for general purpose logging. These log formats are predefined.

The Log Characteristics Dialogue

This dialogue is used to specify the log file and its properties. The first thing is the log file name. You can specify a log pathname, use the Browse button that follows the name, or choose from the four most recently used log files using the Files menu, Alt-F. The default file extention for the log file is .jrl. While the log file format is unique to JJRadio, the log can be exported to, and imported from, an .adif file.

Next you specify the form name. This is the name of a predefined log format. The log format we'll discuss here is the DefaultLog.

The reason for different log forms is to tailor the logging to the activity being logged. For example, you don't need to log signal reports, QTH, and name for field day, rather you log the call, class, and ARRL section. Other log forms will be added in the future.

You can then select one of four types of duplicate checking. The types are none, justCall, callAndBand, or callAndBandAndMode. If you specify something other than none, the information in the current log entry is checked for a previous duplicate entry containing the fields mentioned. If, for example, the duplicate method is justCall, and you enter the call of a station you've worked previously, a beep sounds when you leave the call field. The #QSOs field in the log entry shows the number of prior contacts you've made with that station. This is not only useful for contesting, but also lets you know when you've contacted a station you've worked before.

Next is a field where you can specify the first serial number in the log. The default is 1.

Following the first serial field is a field that allows you to specify whether or not to lookup operator information from hamqth.com; the default is "No". The operator's information is placed into the pertinent fields in the log when you exit the Call field. For example, if you enter "ke5al" while creating a new log entry, when you exit the Call field, the QTH, Handle, and country fields are primed with KE5AL's QTH, Handle and country information.

In order for this to work, you must have an account at hamqth.com, and have entered your hamqth id and password into the information for the current operator. It is very simple to get such an account, and it is free. Simply go to Some general Information About the Log Window

The log window can be brought up with key sequences, and brought down immediately with either the Enter or Escape key. If you exit the window with the escape key, any new information you entered is discarded. If you use the Enter key, the new information is remembered, but not logged yet. The exception to this is the Comments field, where the Enter key adds a new line. It is important to note that an entry isn't logged until you use the "Write Log Entry" key, set by default to ctrl-W.

For example, if you've just come to the log form to enter the QTH, and you know it's wrong and want to start over, you can hit Escape, and come back to it when the station is repeating it. However, if you've entered other information and use Escape, that will need to be re-entered too, so be careful here. Remember, unless in the Comments field, pressing enter leaves the form, remembers the information, but doesn't log it. If you're in the Comments field, hit Tab to leave the field and then press Enter.

Field formats aren't checked, so you can enter anything into any field, except for Tab and Enter. Enter behaves as described, and Tab takes you to the next field. You can also enter the key sequences to go to other log fields, or perform some log actions. For example, you can jump from the Callsign field to the Comment field if you wish.

Going to Log Fields

You use a key sequence to go to a log field or perform selected log actions. If you're at the main window, the log window is brought up and you're positioned in the desired field. If you're already in the log window, you simply jump to the desired field.

You can also perform selected logging actions such as to write the current entry.

Let's go through a typical QSO, showing the default keys used to log information. You can change these key sequences if you wish.

Searching the Log

You can search for information in the log with ctrl-shift-F by default. If you were at the main window, you are placed in a blank log form, and you need to enter the information in the appropriate field. For example, if you want to look up a callsign, put it in the callsign field, which you can jump to with alt-C by default. The results are displayed in a list form, and you can select the desired item. You are then placed in the log form for that QSO.

If you are logging a station that you've worked before, and focused on the log form, ctrl-shift-F will search for that call. You will be placed in the list of previous logged QSOs. Note however the search from within the log form only searches if the entry has been identified as a dup. Thus if you're not dup checking, it won't function.

The JJRadio Menus

These are the program's menus, not the rig's menus. Currently there are four menus as described below.

The Actions menu

The Actions menu currently consists of the following items:

The Screen Fields Menu

Most of the fields on the main screen are rig dependent fields. This menu allows you to easily navigate to those fields without having to hit the tab key several times to get where you want to go. For example, if in CW or CWR mode, and you want to change the keyer speed, hit Alt-F to go to the Screen Fields menu, then hit "k", and you'll go to the keyer speed field. Note that like other menus, if more than one field has the same access key, you're positioned in the menu at the first such field.

The fields shown are mode dependent, so, for example, if the mode is USB the keyer speed won't show up.

The Operations Menu

This menu simply allows you to access program operations, normally accessed with a key sequence, from a menu. It's chief advantage is that, if you forget a key sequence, you can use the function without having to look it up. For example, if you forget that Ctrl-F is used for direct frequency entry, you can use the Operations menu to find the "Frequency" item.

The Help menu

This menu has these items:

The Scanning Feature

JJRadio provides two types of scanning, linear and memory. Linear scanning is used to scan a linear region of memory, while the memory scanning allows you to scan through your radio's memories.

Linear Scanning

JJRadio provides a primative scanning feature that allows you to scan between a start and end frequency. By default, it is access with ctrl-S. You can specify the scan step size, in KHZ, and the scan speed. The speed is the number of tenths of a second to spend on each frequency. Thus to scan from 7.2 to 7.299 in steps of 1 KHZ, spending half a second on each frequency, you'd specify 7.2, 7.299, 1, and 5 (5 tenths of a second).

While scanning, if you hear something you want to investigate, pressing the "Pause scan" key will pause the scan, you may then investigate with the VFO, and then resume the scan where you left off, using the resume scan key. By default, the pause key is F2, and the resume key is Shift-F2. Stop the scan with ctrl-Z by default.

The status line shows the state of the scan, off, running, or paused.

You can also save your scan for later use. This is done from the dialogue where you entered the scan parameters. When saving a scan, you are asked to name the scan for future reference. There is a function to list and select the saved scans, ctrl-shift-U by default.

Memory Scan

The memory scanning feature makes use of memory groups. There are two types of memory groups, those defined by the memories themselves, and memory groups you define yourself. For example, The TS-590 groups its memories in groups of 10, memories 0 through 9, memories 10 through 19, etc. The TS-2000 originally has all memories in group 0, but you can change this by setting the memory group to 0 through 9. The Flex radios allow you to specify a memory group name.

You may also define your own memory groups which can include memories you choose, regardless of which group they're in according to your radio. For example, you might have setup group 1 on your TS-2000 to be 2 meter repeaters, and group 2 to be 440 repeters. You could define a group called Repeaters that includes all those repeaters. Of course, when doing a scan, you could simply select both group1 and group2 also.

By default the key sequence to perform a memory scan is Ctrl-Shift-M. You are then given a list of the memory groups. When you select a memory group, the memories belonging to that group are displayed in the list to the right of the group list. However, in order to include a memory group in a scan, you must check the corresponding check box.

To start a scan, you then tab to the speed field and provide the scan speed in tenths of a second, (e.g.) 10 will spend 1 second on each memory. You then press the start scan button.

Following the start scan button is a button labeled "Manage Groups". This brings up a dialogue you can use to update or create a group you've defined. You can not change the memory groups defined by your radio here. Those must be changed using the radio's control panel or the memory dialogue.

The Pan Adapter

If using a Flex radio, see The Flex pan adapter. The rest of this discussion pertains to other radios.

This is essentially a band scanner. It is intended to work with a braille display with routing keys. It will work best with a 40 cell display. Panning is not currently supported for the Elecraft or Icom radios.

The pan adapter dialogue is as follows:

Band Panner
Start (KHZ): 14000   End (KHZ): 14350   Increment (KHZ): 1

Start
Done

This shows a sample initial dialogue where the rig is tuned to 20 meters. You may at this point change any of the values shown. For example, you may well change the End point to 14080 to pan the first 80 khz of 20 meters. When you click the Start button, the rig starts panning.

It pans using the operating mode the rig is currently set to. It does, however, use the rig's fastest AGC setting, restoring it when finished.

After the panner has made a few minimal passes, currently two, the braille display shows the results of the pan in that blank area between the Start, End, and Increment settings and the Start button. The display shows each frequency that corresponds to a cell on the display, and uses the 6 dots in that cell to indicate the signal strength. Here is the panning dialogue showing a sample result:

Band Panner
Start (KHZ): 14000   End (KHZ): 14080   Increment (KHZ): 1
aaaabbbaalpaaabaaabbb=qaabbbbbbbpqaaaaaa
Start
Done

The signal strength at the corresponding frequency is indicated by the number of dots displayed. The displayed values are, from low to high, "a", "b", "l", "p", "q", and "=". Note that this is a 40 cell display, so each cell corresponds to 2 KHZ. Thus the display shows the strongest signals around 14044 and 14068. Note that the "a" character indicates the noise floor. I've elected to show the noise floor with a single dot for clarity; so there aren't blank areas in the display.

You may stop panning in one of two ways. First, you can click a routing button on the braille display to go to the corresponding frequency for that cell. Note however that you may need to tune a bit to find the signal, since one cell may correspond to a frequency range. You may also click the Stop button, or press escape, to end panning and return to the frequency the radio was on when you brought up the dialogue.

Note that panning doesn't work well if you have a high noise level, or signals are not well differentiated, that is, they're mostly down in the noise. Also note that JJRadio can't distinguish a signal from, let's say, a carrier or a TV birdy.

The Flex pan adapter

The flex pan adapter is always displayed. You can jump to the display with the Band Pan Actions menu item or the key sequence, ctrl-P by default. The display shows the relative signal strengths for the corresponding frequencies. It is intended for use with a braille display. The routing keys will take you to the corresponding frequency.

Below the pan display are the following fields:

Pan Low
This shows the low frequency which corresponds to the left-most cell of the display.
Pan High
This shows the end frequency for the pan. Note that it is the upper pan limit, not the frequency corresponding to the right-most cell.
Change
Press (click) this button if you change Pan Low or Pan High.
Save
Press Save to save a custom panning range. Note that you must have previously pressed the Change button to establish the custom range.
Erase
Use Erase to erase a custom range.

Here is some sample pan output:

aaaabbbaalpaaabaaabbb=qaabbbbbbbpqaaaaaa
Pan Low:   14.000.000    Pan High:   14.080.000    Change   Save   Erase

The signal strength at the corresponding frequency is indicated by the number of dots displayed. The displayed values are, from low to high, "a", "b", "l", "p", "q", and "=". Note that this is a 40 cell display, so each cell corresponds to 2 KHZ. Thus the display shows the strongest signals around 14044 and 14068. Note that the "a" character indicates the noise floor. I've elected to show the noise floor with a single dot for clarity; so there aren't blank areas in the display.

When you first start JJRadio, the pan range is selected for the band you're using. For example, the initial low and high values for 20 meters will be 14.000 and 14.350.

Let's say you want to create two ranges on 20 meters, 14.000 to 14.080 and 14.150 to 14.350. To create the first range, leave Pan Low at 14.000, and set Pan High to 14.080. Then press Change. Note that at this point the pan display will pan over the new range. Press the Save button to save the range. For the second region, set Pan Low to 14.150 and Pan High to 14.350. Then press Change and Save. Now if your frequency is in one of these ranges, the pan display will show the corresponding region. Note that if you move out of the ranges, let's say to 14.110, panning will be from 14.000 to 14.350.

Your custom ranges are saved for the current operator. Thus different operators can create their own ranges.

DX Cluster

This allows you to use DX clusters which have a telnet interface. By default, the key assigned is Ctrl-Alt-D, or use the "DX cluster" item from the Operations menu.

Before using this function for the first time, you may want to see if the current operator has defined a cluster address and login name. This is done by selecting "List Operators" from the Actions menu, and updating the currently checked user. The Cluster address defaults to dxc.nc7j.net. The cluster address may contain a port number, delimited with a colon, in which case you specify it as address:port. For example, dxc.nc7j.net is the same as dxc.nc7j.net:23; 23 is the default telnet port. The login name will default to the callsign of the operator when the operator is created or updated. You will almost always login using your callsign. For one list of telnet available clusters, see Telnet Access to DX Packet Clusters. There are other lists as well.

When you use this function you will be asked to enter the cluster address and the login name. This will be the cluster address and login name, callsign, for the current operator if set. When in this dialogue, you can tab past the OK and Cancel buttons, and check the box to not see this again, and then click the OK button. If you do this, when you subsequently bring up the cluster, you won't be prompted for the login name. Thus if you wish to use multiple clusters, you may not want to check this box. JJRadio allows you to have multiple cluster windows open, so checking the box will mean you'll always open a window on the same cluster.

If the login was successful, a separate window will come up showing text from when we connected to the present; basically the login banner stuff. Then the DX spots appear. If you haven't set a filter, you'll be inundated with spots, primarily from skimmers. The NC7J cluster, an AR-Cluster, has good documentation starting at the AR-Cluster Introduction page. The DXSpider cluster documentation is at the DXSpider Documentation Wiki.

If you press tab once you'll land in the "Cluster cmd" field. In this field you can enter a command to the cluster. For the NC7J cluster, and other AR-Clusters, you might immediately want to enter the command "set dx filter not skimmer", without the quotes of course. This will turn off the skimmer spots. I encourage you to read up on the clustr commands. They allow you to filter the cluster output, set your login information, such as your name, lat/long, grid square, etc, and other functions.

At the bottom of the screen are three buttons. The first is the "Beep on/off" button. The text for the button shows the action to be performed. Since the button is initially off, the button is labeled "Beep on". Turning beeps on causes a beep every time output is sent to the screen. Thus you'll hear a beep whenever a new spot comes in. Also, the setting you choose, on or off, is remembered so you don't need to set it every time you use the cluster.

Next is a button initially labeled "Track last post Off"; it will be Off or On. If you press it, turning tracking on, the cursor is routed to the last displayed screen item, instead of staying in one spot. This is quite useful if you don't have a lot of spots coming in, and always want to read the most recent post. This setting is also remembered.

The third button is the Disconnect/Login button. If connected, pressing this logs you off the cluster, and pressing it again logs you back on. There is little reason to use this button presently, since the same thing can be accomplished by simply closing the cluster window, and reissuing the cluster command to open it.

The reason I developed this interface as opposed to simply using a telnet client, is that I can either maintain your current cursor position in the output while new information is being added at the bottom of the window, or always set the cursor to the last item added. If maintaining position, even if the window would normally scroll, your cursor position is preserved. This gives you a chance to read the output with speech or braille, before moving on. To navigate to the bottom of the output, (i.e.) to the most recent entry, use Ctrl-End. Ctrl-Home takes you to the top of the window. As usual, you move up and down a line at a time with the up and down arrows.

The format of a displayed spot is frequency, callsign, comments, timestamp, and reporting callsign. For example,
14020.1 EA1AA good sig 2149Z KE5AL

This says that the station, EA1AA, is on 14020.1 khz, reported by KE5AL at 2149Z. KE5AL says he has a good signal.

With your cursor on that line, if you press enter, your radio, if being controled by JJRadio, will go to that frequency, 14020.1. Also, the call, EA1AA, will be in the windows clipboard, so it can be copied into the log.

JJRadio Commands

With the exception of the logging commands, all JJRadio commands must be entered from the main screen. You may change the key assignments as discussed in Change Key Mapping in the Actions Menu section. The logging commands are discussed in somewhat more detail in the section on logging.

F1 - Show keys help
Use F1 to list the functions and their key assignments. Deleted key assignments aren't shown here, see Change Key Mapping.
F2 - Show frequency or pause/continue scan
This either focuses on the main frequency display, or pauses the scan if you're scanning. It is very handy if you're on a field other than the frequency, and need to jump to it quickly.
F3
F3 takes you to the "received text" field from any field in the main window.
F4
This takes you to the "sent text" field from any field in the main window.
f9 (deprecated)
Send the logged callsign
f10 (deprecated)
Send the logged name

The logged callsign and name must now be sent using CW messages, see CW messages

F12
Stop sending CW
Control-F - Enter frequency
Use this to enter a frequency manually. The frequency is entered in the same format as frequencies are displayed, (i.e.) mmm.kkk.hhh. For example, 14.2, 14.255 or 14.255.6.
Control-M - Bring up the memory dialogue
See The Rig's Memories.
Control-F2 - Enter a radio's control command
This allows you to directly enter a control command to your rig, a CAT command. Most radios are controled using ASCII commands. For example, on the Kenwood and Elecraft rigs, you can enter "fa;" or "FA;", without the quotes, but you need the semi-colons, to display the frequency for VFO A. The results are shown in the "Receive Text" field on the main screen. Note that you may see other stuff in there too, since the rig may be sending back a command in addition to responding to your command. Also note that the Flex radios don't use CAT commands.
Alt-L - Bring up log
This brings up the log form, placing you in the field you were last in.
Alt-D - Set log date/time
This function will set the date and time of the current log entry, or just take you to the date field if you're currently in a log entry. You might use this if you hear a DX station, and use ctrl-N to bring up a new log entry, and log his call, but then you work him after spending ten minutes in the pile-up, and want your log entry to reflect the date and time you actually worked.
Control-W - Write log entry
This writes a log entry. Note that the entry is not written when you leave the form, but you must use this function to write it to the log.
Shift, Control-L - Enter log file properties
This is the same as the "Log Characteristics" menu item. See the section on entering log file characteristics.
Alt-O - Log the mode
Bring up the log form and go to the mode field.
Alt-C - Log callsign
Bring up the log form and go to the callsign field.
Ctrl-H - Log his RST
Bring up the log form and go to the hisRST field. Note this is Ctrl-H, not Alt-H, which brings up the Help menu.
Alt-M - Log my RST
Bring up the log form and go to the myRST field.
Alt-Q - Log QTH
Bring up the log form and go to the QTH field.
Alt-S - Log state/province
Bring up the log form and go to the State/Province field.
Alt-N - Log name
Bring up the log form and go to the Handle field.
Alt-R - Log rig
Bring up the log form and go to the Rig field.
Ctrl-A - Log antenna.
Bring up the log form and go to the Antenna field. Here again, Ctrl-A is used instead of Alt-A.
Alt-E - Log comments
Bring up the log form and go to the Comments field.
Control-N - New log entry
Bring up a new log entry. The date/time, mode, and frequencies will be set.
Shift, Control-F - Find a log entry
Search for a log entry, see Searching the Log.
Control-S - Start/stop scan
See the section on scanning.
Control-Shift-M - Memory scan
See the section on scanning.
Shift, Control-U - Use a saved scan
See the section on scanning.
Control-Z - Stop the current scan
See the section on scanning.
Control-P Bring up the pan adapter dialogue
see the section on the pan adapter.
Control-U - Show the rig's menus.
See The Rig's Menus.
Control-C
CW zerobeat for the Kenwood and Flex rigs. Note that if the RIT is active, this changes the RIT offset, not the VFO frequency.
Control-Shift-C
Clear the RIT.
Control-Shift-R
This opens a web browser session at www.reversebeacon.net. You can specify the call to check for; the default is the call of the current operator.
Control-Shift-D
This allows you to view DX spots from a DX spotting cluster, see DX Cluster.
Shift, Control-F2 - Toggle rig raw data output.
This will show the rig's output in the Receive window. Use this to see what your radio is sending to JJRadio. It is not supported on the Flex radios.
shift-Pageup/Pagedown
Raise/lower audio gain or Flex lineout gain.
alt-Pageup/Pagedown
Raise/lower RF gain or Flex slice gain.
alt-shift-Pageup/Pagedown
Raise/lower Flex headphone gain.
ctrl-shift-s
Reackquire the rig's values. This is necessary for Icom rig's if you make changes from the rig's control panel, and need to resync JJRadio with the rig.
ctrl-F9
Immediate value toggle. This is rig dependent. On the TS-2000 and TS-590 rigs, it cycles through the noise reduction values. For the Flex radios, it toggles the APF if the mode is CW, otherwise it toggles noise reduction.

Any CW message keys you've defined will show up after these keys.

Getting Support

If you need support for JJRadio, You can send an email to the support link on the JJRadio web page.

Enhancements and Fixes

This section addresses significant enhancements and bug fixes.

Version 4.2.2

JJRadio now supports different logging formats to accommodate contests and special events. Note however that the support is there, but the different contest forms are largely not there, (i.e.) they're TBD.

The annoying double prompting with screen readers has been fixed.

Version 4.2.3

The bug where the radio's speech was not turned off during a scan or panning is fixed.

The export file now conforms to ADIF version 3.0.3.

When selecting a log file, you may now choose from the 4 most recently used log files.

For the TS-2000, if the subreceiver indicators are blank, the subreceiver is off, see subreceiver fields.

You may now view/set the FM width for the TS-590 and TS-2000.

The stepsize can be viewed/changed for the TS-2000.

Problems concerning the memory display being incorrect are fixed.

The equal sign (=) now sets the other VFO to the current VFO on the TS-2000.

The memory-to-VFO function now works with split frequencies.

You may not change memories with the arrow keys if in memory mode at startup, until all the memories are loaded. This restriction is necessary to avoid accessive activity at startup time.

The SWR, Comp, and ALC meters can be reported for the TS-2000, see The TS2000 Meter fields.

Version 4.3.1

JJRadio now supports the Flex 6000 series radios.

For other than the Flex, panning is now only restarted if the current frequency is within the prior panning frequency range.

Sending CW using the keyboard is now supported for all supported radios.

You may now run JJRadio without setting up a rig. You still must set up at least one operator though.

Dup checking is now case independent. Previously, if you are dup checking and logged "ke5al" (lower case), for example, and then logged "KE5AL" (upper case), no dup was identified. This caused dup checking to fail for a log that was exported, then imported, since the export process converts the calls to upper case.

The frequency display now allows you to set the RIT and XIT from the keyboard.

If the cursor is over the frequency, pressing "k" rounds the frequency to the nearest KHZ.

A problem with deleted function key assignments, where the deletion didn't persist, has been fixed.

You may now change the audio and RF gains, for non-flex rigs, from the keyboard. For Flex rigs, these functions adjust the lineout and slice volume respectively. By default they are shift-pageup/down and alt-pageup/down.

Version 4.3.2

When entering the Flex memories dialogue, the last selected memory, if any, is selected.

Using the RigInfo dialogue, you may now view the radio's model, version, serial number, and IP address. You may also change the call sign, name, and front panel display selection.

I've made the resume scan a separate function. There is now a separate pause scan, F2 by default, and resume scan, Shift-fF2 by default. Previously, it was easy to, after having paused a scan, forget that a scan was running, and resume the scan when you just meant to go to the main frequency display. The status line now shows the current state of the scan.

Fixed a bug if using the Flex and looking at the log with the Flex powered off.

The Flex pan adapter now won't show the whole spectrum of magnitudes if there is little variation in the signal strength. This happens when there is little or no activity in the frequency range being panned.

I changed the way the split VFOs are changed, see that section and the frequency section. Now, from the frequency you can manipulate the VFOs, go into and out of split mode, and view the receive or transmit frequency.

Version 4.3.3

This version adds support for the Icom IC-9100.

It should be noted that this radio should either be controlled from the computer, or the front panel of the radio, but not both. For example, most changes made from the control panel of the radio are not reported to the software. Like the Kenwood rigs, you may turn the VFO knob and watch the frequency change. However, if you put the radio in memory mode, for example, this is not reported to the software, so JJRadio will still think you're in VFO mode. In fact, some changes made by software may revert to their knob settings if a control on the front panel is used. For example, if you set the keyer speed using JJRadio, and then turn the volume knob on the radio, the keyer speed will revert to where it was, the knob setting. Thus JJRadio now has a Reackquire command, ctrl-shift-S by default, to reackquire the rig's values. It is currently only supported for the IC-9100.

JJRadio treats the Icom's Duplex setting different from it's implementation in the IC-9100. In the 9100, you can have Duplex set to symplex, minus, or plus regardless of the mode. In other words, you could be in LSB mode, and have an offset, Duplex, value set. JJRadio refers to the duplex setting as the "Offset". It only uses the offset setting in the FM mode. To work split frequencies in other modes, use split VFOs.

For the Flex radios, the accuracy of the pan adapter has been improved. I also fixed a bug where the program would fail if you reselect a Flex from the "List Rigs" dialogue.

I fixed a bug with the TS-2000 noise reduction to show the NR1 level as Auto instead of 0.

Version 4.3.4

A problem with resending terminated CW messages using Kenwood rigs was fixed.

The About dialogue crash has been fixed.

A button has been added to put the rig into transmit mode.

Version 4.3.5

JJRadio now supports the Kenwood TS-590SG. If you're already using JJRadio with an SG model rig specified as a TS590, you'll need to change the model of your radio, probably the TS590, to a model of TS590SG. The easiest way to do that is as follows:

  1. Turn off the rig, and bring up JJRadio.
  2. From the Actions menu, select "List Rigs"
  3. Select your TS590, and press the update button
  4. Change the Model to a TS590SG.
  5. Press Update.
  6. Press Finished, or hit escape.
  7. Exit JJRadio.
  8. Now, turn on your rig and run JJRadio.

Note that if you don't change your radio's model from the TS590, you'll get a warning message. You are strongly advised to make this change.

Changes for the TS-590SG include:

menus
The SG menus are now supported.
CW decode
JJRadio can display the decoded CW for the TS-590SG in the Received Text window. The decode threshold control immediately proceeds the receive text window, so you can backtab to it and then tab into the receive text window again.
Equalization
Both the TX and RX equalizers can now be adjusted on the TS-590SG and TS-590S with firmware version at or above 2.00. If one of the equalizer values is selected, (e.g.) formant pass, that can be adjusted further by clicking the appropriate equalizer button, RXEQ or TXEQ. This brings up another window allowing you to change the value for each channel; there are 18 in all.
Extended memories
The TS590SG extended memories are handled like normal memories, and appear as memories 110 through 119.

Regardless of the rig model, you may specify a digit when the cursor is in the frequency display. The corresponding number is added to the value your cursor is on. Also, if you're in split mode, then the entered digit is added or subtracted to/from the transmit frequency, (i.e.) the other VFO. See the the discussion in The Meter and Frequency Display section.

Version 4.3.6

The warning message that you've selected the wrong radio is only output if you have a TS-590, but selected an SG, or vice versa. It will not be output if you selected a TS-590 or SG, but have another radio. Also, this message may be ignored in future if you wish.

Changes have been made regarding directly changing the frequency, RIT and XIT.

Using the numeric pad makes it possible to keep the left hand on the braille display while changing values with the right hand.

Memory mode is now supported for the Flex radios, see Flex radio memories.

JJRadio now supports memory scanning.

The log search result display now shows more information in an easier-to-use format.

CW macros are now allowed from the logging screen.

Some TS-590SG menus have been updated.

Version 4.4.1

An Operations menu has been added, see The Operations Menu

For the Kenwood and Flex radios, CW zerobeat and RIT clear functions have been added, see those functions.

JJRadio can now open the reverse beacon web site at www.reversebeacon.net, see that function.

The program can now use a DX spotting cluster that has a telnet interface, see DX cluster.

Version 4.4.2

The Track last post button has been added to the DX cluster window.

Version 4.4.3

The ability to jump to the selected station from the DX cluster has been added.

Fixed bug with a crash if a bad country prefix is entered into the log.

Version 4.4.4

Callbook lookup has been added to the log, see the Log Characteristics section.

QSL_rcvd, QSL_sent and Grid have been added to the log. An "LOTW merge" item has been added to the actions menu to merge an adif file from LOTW to set the QSL_rcvd field of the log.

When starting the DX cluster, you are immediately able to use other JJRadio functions without having to wait for the cluster to connect.

Version 4.4.5

Display asterisks in hamqth password field.

Added a quick toggle field, default key is ctrl-f9. See Commands.

Known Bugs and Limitations