РУССКO – АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ВОЕННЫЙ ПЕРЕВОД

RUSSIAN – ENGLISH MILITARY TRANSLATION

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Translation Domains:

  • Aerospace Forces
  • Ground Forces
  • Naval Forces
  • Strategic Missile Forces
  • Airborne Forces

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СОВРЕМЕННАЯ ВОЕННАЯ ТЕРМИНОЛОГИЯ

CONTEMPORARY MILITARY TERMINOLOGY

крылатая ракета авиационного базирования (КРАБ)
air-launched cruise missile (ALCM)
крылатая ракета, запускаемая с подводной лодки (КРПЛ)
submarine-launched cruise missile (SLCM)
крылатая ракета наземного базирования (КРНБ)
ground-launched cruise missile (GLCM)
авиационная баллистическая ракета (АБР)
air-launched ballistic missile (ALBM)
баллистическая ракета, запускаемая с подводной лодки (БРПЛ)
submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM)
баллистическая ракета наземного базирования (БРНБ)
ground-launched ballistic missile (GLBM)
межконтинентальная баллистическая ракета (МБР) (МКБР)
intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM)
зенитная управляемая ракета (ЗУР)
surface-to-air missile (SAM)

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RUSSIAN MILITARY DISTRICT HIGHLIGHTS

CURRENT MILITARY DISTRICTS/OPERATIONAL-STRATEGIC COMMANDS

As part of the 2010 Russian military reforms, four operational-strategic commands (оперативно-стратегические командования/ОСК) were created to replace the six existing military districts Moscow MD (Московский ВО), Leningrad MD (Ленинградский ВО), Northern Caucasus MD (Северо-Кавказский ВО), Volga-Ural MD (Приволжско-Уральский ВО), Siberian MD (Сибирский ВО), and Far East MD (Дальневосточный ВО) with four new military districts/operational-strategic commands encompassing regions of the previous six districts:

FORMER MILITARY DISTRICTS


Дальневосточный Военный Округ (ДВО) Far East Military District
  • Commanded by a colonel-general with main headquarters in Khabarovsk as 1 of 6 military districts.
  • The Far East Military District is comprised of combined arms armies; army corps; motorized rifle divisions and brigades; artillery divisions, brigades and regiments; tank division; airborne brigade; SAM brigades and SAM regiment; separate helicopter regiments; and district training centers.
Ленинградский Военный Округ (ЛВО) (ЛенВО) Leningrad Military District
  • Commanded by a lieutenant-general with main headquarters in St. Petersburg as 1 of 6 military districts.
  • The Leningrad Military District is comprised of an airborne division; motorized rifle brigades; SAM brigades; artillery regiments and brigades; and separate helicopter regiment.
Московский Военный Округ (МВО) Moscow Military District
  • Commanded by a colonel-general with main headquarters in Moscow as 1 of 6 military districts.
  • The Moscow Military District is comprised of armies; motorized rifle divisions and brigades; tank divisions; airborne divisions; artillery divisions, brigades and regiment; SAM brigades; separate helicopter regiments and squadrons, and district training centers. Group of Russian Forces in Moldavia is operationally subordinate with a separate motorized rifle brigade, SAM regiment, and separate helicopter detachment.
Приволжско-Уральский Военный Округ (ПурВО) (ПР-УРВО) Volga-Urals Military District
  • Commanded by a lieutenant-general with headquarters in Yekaterinburg as 1 of 6 military districts.
  • The Volga-Urals Military District is comprised of an army; motorized rifle divisions and separate regiment; tank division; artillery brigade and regiment; SAM brigade; separate helicopter regiments and squadrons; and district training centers.
Северо-Кавказский Военный Округ (СКВО) Northern Caucasus Military District
  • Commanded by a lieutenant-general with main HQ in Rostov-na-Donu as 1 of 6 military districts.
  • The Northern Caucasus Military District is comprised of an army; motorized rifle divisions, brigades and regiment; airborne division; artillery brigades; SAM brigades and regiment; rocket-propelled artillery regiment, brigades, and battalion; antitank artillery regiments; helicopter regiments and squadron.
Сибирский Военный Округ (СибВО) Siberian Military District
  • Commanded by a lieutenant-general with main headquarters in Chita as 1 of 6 military districts.
  • The Siberian Military District is comprised of armies; motorized divisions and brigades; tank divisions; airborne brigade; artillery divisions, brigades, and regiment; SAM brigades; separate helicopter regiments; and district training centers.

RUSSIAN GROUND FORCES HIGHLIGHTS

Сухопутные войска (СВ)
Ground Forces (SV)

Военно-морской флот (ВМФ)
Navy (VMF)
NOTE: Военно-морской флот (ВМФ) is used to refer only to the Russian Navy.
Военно-морские силы (ВМС) refers only to foreign navies.


Балтийский флот (БФ)
Baltic Fleet (BF)
Северный флот (СФ)
Northern Fleet (NF)
Тихоокеанский флот (ТОФ)
Pacific Ocean Fleet (TOF)
Черноморский флот (ЧФ)
Black Sea Fleet (ChF)
Камчатская (военная) флотилия (КВФ)
Kamchatka (Military) Flotilla (KVF)
Каспийская флотилия (КаФ)
Caspian Sea Flotilla (KaF)
Кольская флотилия (КоФ)
Kola Sea Flotilla (KoF)
Морская пехота (МП)
Naval Infantry

RUSSIAN AEROSPACE FORCES HIGHLIGHTS

  • Effective 1 August 2015 the Russian Aerospace Forces were created as a new branch that merges air force, air defense, antimissile and space forces, and specifically the former Военно-воздушные силы (ВВС) and Войска космической обороны (ВКО) under the command of a colonel-general.

  • Военно-воздушные силы (ВВС)
    Air Forces (VVS)
    NOTE: Russian Air Defense Forces (PVO) [Войска противовоздушной обороны (ПВО)] were integrated with the Russian Air Forces in 1998.

    Войска воздушно-космической обороны (ВВКО)
    Aerospace Defense Forces (VVKO)

    RUSSIAN STRATEGIC ROCKET FORCES (SRF) HIGHLIGHTS

    Ракетные войска стратегического назначения (РВСН)
    (RVSN) Strategic Rocket Forces (SRF)

    RUSSIAN AIRBORNE FORCES HIGHLIGHTS

    Воздушно-десантные войска (ВДВ)
    Airborne Forces (VDV)


    RUSSIAN MILITARY RANKS & GRADES

    (Everyday sleeve Insignia shown)
    ARMY/AIR FORCE NAVY U.S. EQUIVALENT
    Генерал армии
    (General of the Army)
    Адмирал Флота
    (Fleet Admiral)
    generally equivalent to U.S. grade O-10
    Генерал-Полковник
    (Colonel General)
    Адмирал
    (Admiral)
    generally equivalent to U.S. grade O-9
    Генерал-Лейтенант
    (Lieutenant General)
    Вице-Адмирал
    (Vice Admiral)
    generally equivalent to U.S. grade O-8
    Генерал-Майор
    (Major General)
    Контр-Адмирал
    (Rear Admiral)
    generally equivalent to U.S. grade O-7
    Полковник
    (Colonel)
    Капитан 1-ого Ранга
    (Captain First Rank)
    generally equivalent to U.S. grade O-6
    Подполковник
    (Lieutenant Colonel)
    Капитан 2-ого Ранга
    (Captain Second Rank)
    generally equivalent to U.S. grade O-5
    Майор
    (Major)
    Капитан 3-его Ранга
    (Captain Third Rank)
    generally equivalent to U.S. grade O-4
    Капитан
    (Captain)
    Капитан-Лейтенант
    (Captain-Lieutenant)
    generally equivalent to U.S. grade O-3
    Старший Лейтенант
    (Senior Lieutenant)
    Старший Лейтенант
    (Senior Lieutenant)
    generally equivalent to U.S. grade O-2
    Лейтенант
    (Lieutenant)
    Лейтенант
    (Lieutenant)
    generally equivalent to U.S. grade O-1
    Младший Лейтенант
    (Junior Lieutenant)
    Младший Лейтенант
    (Junior Lieutenant)
    no equivalent U.S. grade
    Старший Прапорщик
    (Senior Warrant Officer)
    Старший Мичман
    (Senior Warrant Officer)
    generally equivalent to U.S. grades W-3/W-4
    Прапорщик
    (Warrant Officer)
    Мичман
    (Warrant Officer)
    generally equivalent to U.S. grades W-1/W-2
    Старшина
    (Sergeant Major)
    Главный Корабельный Старшина
    (Master/Senior Chief Petty Officer)
    generally equivalent to U.S. grades E-8/E-9
    Старший Сержант
    (Senior Sergeant)
    Главный Старшина
    (Chief Petty Officer)
    generally equivalent to U.S. grades E-6/E-7
    Сержант
    (Sergeant)
    Старшина 1-ой Статьи
    (Petty Officer First Class)
    generally equivalent to U.S. grades E-5/E-6
    Младший Сержант
    (Junior Sergeant)
    Старшина 2-ой Статьи
    (Petty Officer Second Class)
    generally equivalent to U.S. grades E-4/E-5
    NONE (Petty Officer Third Class) U.S. grade E-4
    Ефрейтор
    (Private First Class)
    Старший Матрос
    (Senior Seaman)
    generally equivalent to U.S. grades E-2/E-3
    Рядовой
    (Private)
    Матрос
    (Seaman)
    generally equivalent to U.S. grade E-1






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